You may have noticed that processing DocBook with the XSL stylesheets may require several steps and options. If you have to run the commands often, you can save typing by using a make utility to execute the commands for you. If you are familiar with the Java Ant utility, you can use it instead for similar purposes.
Makefile is like a script or batch file, but it can have several make "targets" to run different command sequences from the same file. It can also track which files are dependent on others and process them in the right order. To use make effectively, you will need to read its documentation. The make utility is generally available on Linux and UNIX systems. It can be installed in Cygwin on Windows as well.
A very basic
Makefile for automating the use of xsltproc and FOP might look like the following:
html: xsltproc \ --output myfile.html \ ../docbook-xsl-1.73.1/html/docbook.xsl \ myfile.xml pdf: xsltproc \ --output myfile.fo \ ../docbook-xsl-1.73.1/fo/docbook.xsl \ myfile.xml fop.sh -fo myfile.fo -pdf myfile.pdf
make html, and your PDF output by typing
A more complete example uses make variables and dependencies:
XSLSTYLE=../docbook-xsl/html/docbook.xsl %.html: %.xml xsltproc --output $@ $(XSLSTYLE) $< html: myfile.html
This example has these features:
It puts the stylesheet path in a variable that it references on the command line.
It uses a suffix rule
%.html to provide a command that works for many xml files.
$@ to refer to the target file and
$< to refer to the dependency file. This results in a command that looks like the following:
xsltproc --output myfile.html ../docbook-xsl/html/docbook.xsl myfile.xml
It creates dependencies for the
html target on the output file, and for the output file on the xml input file. With those dependencies, the process is not run unless the XML file modification date is newer than the HTML file.
An alternative to Makefiles is Apache Ant, which is written in Java so it runs on all platforms. It is described at http://ant.apache.org/. For help in using Ant with DocBook, see Dave Pawson's article Docbook and Ant.
|DocBook XSL: The Complete Guide - 4th Edition||PDF version available|
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